in 1850 to 100,000 in 1904. 8 9 An aerial photo shows the devastation. Accessed March 1, 2010 Press release Germany Trade Invest, April 23, 2008. 29 Society and Culture Leisure and Entertainment Bochum is a cultural center of the Ruhr region. Fon:, Fax: Musical-Instruments Collection Hans and Hede Grumbt, considerable collection of music instruments and the collection of clarintes of Johan van Kalker. Charlemagne set up a royal court at the junction of two important trade routes. Ruhr area and is surrounded by the cities. Crossing Kortumstrasse/Huestrasse is situated the sculpture "Ohne Titel" Without Title of Ulrich Rückriem. Accessed March 2, 2010. Most of the bronze statues were melted down for the war effort and the stone carvings were damaged by the war, save for some small lion's heads over the entrance. Sport The football club VfL Bochum was 14th in the First Division (. Perpetua and her slave Felicitas, and a high altar with a crucifix from 1352. In 1962, the property came under environmental protection and a decade later, was turned into a geological garden. Accessed March 1, 2010 "Blackberry Bold 9700 launch" Government of Canada official website. There were statues of bronze and stone, and in the city council chambers, a bell tower. 18 The Kaufhaus Kortum department store dates from 1913 and was built as one of the nearly 20 regional stores owned by Alsberg Bros. It suffered a fire during a bomb attack in 1944 and was renovated after the war. 27 Among others there is a tropical garden, a cactus garden, and a Chinese garden designed in the southern Chinese style, the only one of its kind in Germany. Accessed March 8, 2010. 20,000 people showed up to protest the closing. "People return to destroyed cities" (May 5, 1945) Accessed March 8, 2010 (German) 1 History of Bochum, World War.